The long arms, (R/r = 3 to 7)* brilliant red coloration on top and bright yellow below serve to identify this animal. This animal is found in shallow water on rocky substrates. It is thought to feed onplankton and possibly on encrusting sponges.
* Two measurements need to be made in order to determine the relative length of the arms of a sea star. Simply stated, a sea star is made up of arms and a central area to which they are attached called the disk. Since a sea star has radial symmetry, their dimensions are referred to radii.
"R" is the length of the arm as measured from the center of the animal to the tip of the arm.
"r" is the radius of the disk and is measured from the center to a notch between the arms. R divided by r (R/r) is the relative length of the arm.
For instance: Distance from center of the disk to the tip of the are is 10" and the distance from the center to the notch between the arms is 2 1/2", then: R/r = 10/2.5 = 4