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According to the Carpet and Rug Institute, the industry’s trade association, 70 percent of US floors are covered with carpets and rugs. Carpet’s lifecycle impacts include chemical emissions from manufacturing, depletion of petroleum and other natural resources, transportation, indoor air quality concerns, and disposal costs at landfills and recycling operations.

To minimize health and environmental impacts, many companies offer recycled content backing, modular tiles that extend carpet life, recycled content cushion, low- or no-VOCs (volatile organic compound) adhesives, refurbishing programs that extend flooring life, and recovery programs that keep flooring out of the landfill. Several manufacturers have even committed to reduce the life-cycle impacts of flooring by lowering emissions during manufacturing, using solar or other renewable energy to power their plants, and making a commitment to reducing waste, toxics, and non-renewable resource depletion.



  • low levels of VOC
  • environmentally certified carpet
  • recycled content
  • recyclable
  • proper maintenance


  • virgin fiber content
  • PVC backing
  • anti-microbials
  • harsh chemical cleaners

End of Life

  • recycling and manufacturer take back programs "where available"

An EPA checkmark indicates a certification or standard is recommended by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Product Stewardship Institute - Carpet: A guide to environmentally friendly carpet

Advancing Carpet Stewardship: A How-To Guide (2015): Product Stewardship Institute comprehensive guide to sustainable carpet

Carpet America Recovery Effort (CARE) - a joint industry-government effort to increase the amount of recycling and reuse of post-consumer carpet

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