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Wildfire smoke preparedness

Be prepared to protect yourself and your family from wildfire smoke. Find posters, DIY filter videos, mask tips, health guidance for childcare providers, and more resources below.

Stay safe indoors when it’s smoky out:

  1. Check air quality at
  2. Stay indoors when AQI is 150+. Children under age 18, adults over age 65, people with asthma or respiratory and heart conditions, pregnant people, and others at higher risk from smoke should stay indoors when AQI is 100+.
  3. Watch for symptoms
  4. Improve indoor air

Read the sections below for more information.

Create a clean air room on smoky days using an easy DIY box fan filter.

Blog post: How to keep indoor air clean on smoky days

Protect your health on smoky days

Check the air quality forecast

Air quality conditions may change quickly. Go to for the current smoke conditions in King County. Find a 5-day smoke forecast at Pay attention to local news for air quality alerts and health warnings in your area.

You can sign up to receive emergency alerts by phone or email at

Who is more sensitive to wildfire smoke?

Icon representation of the 4 risk groups for wildfire smoke

  • Children and teens under age 18
  • Anyone who is pregnant
  • People with asthma or respiratory and heart conditions
  • Adults over age 65

People in these groups, and also others at higher risk from smoke, should stay indoors when AQI is 100+.

Limit physical activity outdoors

Limit exercise and vigorous physical activity outdoors when smoke levels are “unhealthy for sensitive groups” or worse (101+ AQI). This includes physical labor, running, biking, and sports.

Schools, sports teams, and other organizations serving children should move indoors when smoke levels are “unhealthy for sensitive groups” or worse (101+ AQI). More information: Air Pollution and School Activity Guide.

Stay indoors as much as possible

Move indoors if you can, and keep the air inside air clean. You can visit a library, community center, mall, or check WA211 for a list of cooling centers.

If you can’t move indoors, an N95 mask offers good protection from wildfire smoke for most people.

Keep indoor air clean

  • Close windows and doors as much as possible. If it becomes too hot, open the windows to cool down the space, or move to a mall, library, or other air-conditioned building.
  • Use fans or an air conditioner (AC) when it's hot, if possible. Set your AC to recirculate.
  • Use an air cleaner with a HEPA filter if possible. More information: EPA's Indoor Air Filtration Factsheet.
  • A DIY air filter fan may be an easy and cost-effective way to clean air inside your home. Learn how to make a quick air filter with a box fan, a MERV-13 filter and duct tape: Public Health Crafter's Corner: 1-minute DIY Filter Fan, Public Health Insider
  • Make a "clean air room" in your home: Learn how to keep indoor air clean on smoky days, Public Health Insider.
  • Don't smoke, use candles, or vacuum – these activities pollute indoor air. Avoid frying and broiling when cooking indoors.

Watch for symptoms of smoke exposure

Move someone inside if they have a headache, sore throat, cough, burning or watery eyes, dizziness, or wheezing. If you have asthma or another respiratory or heart condition, keep inhalers and medications ready and make a plan with your healthcare provider.

Call 911 if someone has shortness of breath or chest pain. You can also send a text to 911 if you are deaf, hard of hearing, or speech impaired. Learn more about text-to-911.

Make plans for indoor activities for kids on smoky days

Consider what your children can do if they need to stay indoors when smoke levels are "unhealthy for sensitive groups" or worse. Some examples: dance party, karaoke, board games and puzzles, making friendship bracelets, obstacle course, indoor cornhole tournament, and movies.

Schools, camps, sports teams, and daycare providers should make plans for smoky days

Plan to postpone outdoor activities or move them indoors when smoke levels are "unhealthy for sensitive groups" or worse (100+ AQI). Read the Air Pollution and School Activity Guide (Washington State Department of Health) for guidelines.

Masks and wildfire smoke

N95 respirators and KN95 masks offer good protection for most people, when worn tightly and correctly. Read Masks and Wildfire Smoke (83 kb) for more information. Cloth masks don't provide much protection from the small particles in wildfire smoke.

If you have a pre-existing condition that might make you more sensitive to smoke, consult your medical provider.

Key resources