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Reports related to COVID-19

Reports on COVID-19 data trends and topics published by Public Health staff.

Changes in Death Rates and Life Expectancy Associated with the COVID-19 Pandemic in King County, WA: 2017-2022

This report explores the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mortality in King County by analyzing data from the pandemic years (2020-2022) and comparing it with data from the pre-pandemic years (2017-2019). It highlights changes in mortality rates, life expectancy, and leading causes of death during this period. Cause specific analyses are limited to the leading causes of death as well as causes hypothesized to be impacted by the pandemic.

King County COVID-19 Deaths: 2020-2022

This report examines King County COVID-19 deaths from 2020-2022. It summarizes all deaths due to COVID-19 reported to Public Health – Seattle & King County and examines patterns by age, race/ethnicity, geography, and vaccination status. It also uses death certificate data to provide additional context, including analyses of leading causes of death, predisposing conditions, excess deaths, and contributing factors.

Past reports: March 2021 | Feb 2021 (2020 Year-End Report) | Jan 2021 | Sept 2020

Commissary Kitchen Program Final Report: December 2021-March 2023

The Commissary Kitchen Program used Coronavirus Local Fiscal Recovery (CLFR) funding to provide financial assistance to small, low- income caterers and mobile food units that closed or worked fewer hours during the COVID-19 pandemic. 42 businesses received funding for operating expenses, and educational training opportunities about business outreach, marketing, and best practices. This report details how businesses were selected, what support they received, how successful the program was in keeping businesses in operation, and what the businesses had to say about the program.

Public Health – Seattle & King County COVID-19 After-Action Report: January 2020-January 2022

This report is based on reflections and feedback collected from internal and external stakeholders regarding the first two years of Public Health – Seattle & King County’s COVID-19 pandemic response. The report captures strengths, lessons learned, and recommendations to strengthen future responses to public health emergencies. Among many other insights, the report highlights recommendations to sustain and bolster community partnerships, strengthen supports for staff wellbeing, and capture innovative practices for application in other responses.

We are grateful to staff from across Public Health and other King County departments, our partners, and the community, all of whom contributed their time and expertise to the COVID-19 response.

A summary of the report is available in the following languages:

አማርኛ (Amharic), العربية (Arabic), 简体字 (Chinese, Sim.), 繁體字 (Chinese, Trad.), English, 한국어 (Korean), Русский (Russian), Af Soomaali (Somali), Español (Spanish), Wikang Tagalog/Filipino (Tagalog/Filipino), Українська (Ukrainian), Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)

Unemployment trends in King County, WA: March 2020-October 2021

This report examines the characteristics of King County residents who filed for unemployment insurance (UI) during the first 20 months of the COVID-19 pandemic (March 2020 – October 2021). Unemployment insurance (UI) filings increased after the “WA Stay Home, Stay Healthy” order and decreased when the order ended. This report describes disparities observed in who filed for unemployment insurance (UI) by age, gender, race, and education.

Qualitative Assessment of the Impacts of COVID-19 for people living with disabilities in King County: August 2022 (PowerPoint file)

People living with disabilities experienced the impacts of COVID-19 in a unique way. Public Health – Seattle & King County partnered with the Disability Empowerment Center and Lifelong Aging And Disabilities Services to understand their experiences. This report sheds light on how the pandemic impacted people living with disabilities in King County, WA. It also highlights supports that were helpful to address the negative impacts of COVID-19 and some of the inequities faced by the disability community.

Formats available: Full Report (PPT) | Text only report (PDF) 

Indicators of well-being among households with and without children before and after the 2021 Child Tax Credit, Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue Metropolitan Statistical Area: August 2020-February 2022

Households with children have been disproportionately impacted by the social and economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. This brief report compares indicators of well-being (mental health, affording basic needs, housing security, and food sufficiency) among residents of King County, WA and surrounding areas living in households with and without children. It also examines the association of monthly Child Tax Credit advanced payments received from July-December 2021 on these indicators of well-being.

Housing Insecurity in King County, WA and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue Metropolitan Statistical Area: April 2020-May 2022

Housing instability is an important social determinant of health. This brief describes housing insecurity in King County, WA and the surrounding area during the first 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic, highlighting disparities by demographics and place. For context, this brief also summarizes key housing insecurity mitigation policies implemented at the local, state, and federal level.

Estimates of COVID-19 Vaccine Coverage Among People Experiencing Homelessness and Housing Instability in King County (as of Jan. 31, 2022)

Mental Health Among Youth and Young Adults in King County, WA: January 2019-October 2021

Youth and young adults have experienced many disruptions due to the COVID-19 pandemic and associated mitigation strategies such as school closures and remote learning, social isolation, family financial hardship or lack of access to food; and some have also experienced the illness or death of a family member due to COVID-19. These experiences impact emotions and mental wellbeing. This report examines data on mental health, including suicidal ideation, and suicide attempt among youth and young adults in King County.

Health Care Access in King County, WA: March 2020-June 2021

This report examines changes in health care access and health care utilization in King County between March 2020 and June 2021. The report describes the impact of COVID-19 on lack of health insurance, increased Medicaid enrollment, delay of care, and changes in visits for primary care, well-child, and telehealth.

Changes in Occupation-Specific Non-COVID-19 Death Rates during the COVID-19 Pandemic in King County, WA

This report examines death rates for common causes of death in King County, excluding those due to COVID-19. Included are deaths among working-age residents that occurred between March 1 and December 31, 2020. Deaths from COVID-19 are examined in a separate report. Examined are common causes of deaths and causes of death that may have been indirectly impacted by the pandemic.

Changes in Death Rates during the COVID-19 Pandemic in King County, WA

This report examines death rates for common causes of death in King County, and not only those due to COVID-19. Included are deaths that occurred between January 1 and December 31, 2020. Deaths from COVID-19 are examined in a separate report. Examined are common causes of deaths and causes of death that may have been indirectly impacted by the pandemic. Rates are shown by age group, by gender, by region of the county, and by race/ethnicity.

Substance Use Patterns in King County, WA: March-October 2020

Behavioral health refers to connections between behaviors and the health (physical and mental) and wellbeing of people, including substance use issues. Available sales data show that residents of Washington state increased their use of marijuana, beer and wine since March 2020. Marijuana sales in King County increased since March 2020.

Domestic Violence Patterns in King County, WA: March-September 2020

Community mitigation strategies to limit the spread of COVID-19 resulted in increased stressors among King County residents and an increased amount of time spent at home. For individuals experiencing family violence, being at home is not always a safe place.

Computer and Internet Access in King County

Overall, access to adequate internet coverage is high (96%) but not all King County households have equal access to computers or high-speed internet that allow employees to work at home or children to participate in remote schooling

Economic, Social, and Overall Health Impacts of COVID-19 in King County, WA: Background and Frequently Asked Questions

Increases in Food Needs in King County, WA: Spring-Summer 2020

With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and the implementation of strategies to slow the spread of COVID-19 in the community that have led to business and school closures, food insecurity has increased in King County, Washington.

Behavioral Health Needs and Services in King County, WA: March-May 2020

Community mitigation efforts to limit the spread of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) resulted in dramatic increases in the number of King County residents who are unemployed or furloughed, and/or need assistance affording food, utilities, housing, and accessing health care. These stressors, added to social isolation and grief, are likely to affect the mental health and coping of many in the general population.

Changes in Transportation Patterns Follow Community Mitigation Policies in King County, WA: February-May 2020

Transportation patterns changed immediately after strategies were put in place to slow the spread of COVID-19. Low traffic volumes are one way to quantify whether the community is staying home and avoiding non-essential activities. Prior to community mitigation efforts, 72% of King County workers drove to work (either alone or in a carpool), 13% took public transit, 7% walked or biked to work, and 6.7% worked at home. Policy changes resulted in drastic changes in usage of highways, public transportation, ferries, walking, and bicycling in King County and Washington State.

Unemployment Claims in King County, WA: March-Early May 2020

Community mitigation efforts to limit the spread of novel coronavirus (COVID-19), including the closure of non-essential businesses on March 15, 2020, resulted in a dramatic increase in the number of people laidoff or furloughed in King County. Roughly one in five of residents filed initial unemployment insurance (UI) claims with the WA State Employment Security Department between March 1 and May 2, 2020, totaling 273,500 claims.