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Effective August 1, 2022, the King County Prosecuting Attorney’s Office is revising its policy regarding the process for Early Plea negotiations in response to changes to the local court rules. This website outlines the changes to these processes and explains how defense attorneys and defendants may engage in negotiations.

The Early Plea Unit (EPU) stage is where the King County Prosecuting Attorney’s Office (KCPAO) negotiates its cases . This is the “pre-trial track” where the KCPAO will consider reductions, alternative programs (such as Drug Diversion Court and Regional Mental Health Court), mitigation information, equitable considerations, etc. Once a case moves past the “pre-trial track”, a decision by a Deputy Prosecuting Attorney (DPA) to reduce or dismiss charges will generally be limited to the sufficiency of the evidence to prove the charge(s), and such reductions must also be approved by a supervisor.


The State declares that all of its outstanding plea and recommendation offers will be rescinded and EPU negotiations will end when a case is moved from “pre-trial track” to the “trial track” and/or transferred to a trial supervisor or trial DPA, as follows:

  1. At arraignment, cases are initially set for a Pre-Trial Omnibus hearing at 1:00 PM (Monday through Thursday) four weeks (28 days) prior to the trial date. The “pre-trial track” may be continued by setting a new trial date with a new Pre-Trial Omnibus hearing at 1:00 PM (Monday through Thursday) six weeks (42 days) prior to the new trial date.
    • All cases with Omnibus hearings set on Monday through Thursday at 1:00 PM are presumed to be “pre-trial” and are presumed to be eligible for EPU negotiations.
  2. A case is considered to have moved to the “trial track” when it is set for a trial track Omnibus Hearing at 8:30 AM on a Friday (or equivalent AM calendar if the Court is closed on that week’s Friday). At that point, the case will be transferred to a trial supervisor or trial DPA.
    • ADDITIONALLY, regardless of whether the case is set for a “pre-trial” or “trial track” Omnibus, a EPU DPA may decide to terminate negotiations and transfer the case to a trial supervisor or trial DPA.

When a case is moved to the “trial track” or the EPU DPA terminates negotiations, the case will be transferred to a trial supervisor or trial deputy. All EPU offers expire upon transfer of the case to a trial supervisor or trial DPA unless the supervisor of the trial DPA provides a written exception via email.


Discovery: The KCPAO will make its best effort to provide all discovery for the defense that is available at the time of filing or that becomes available thereafter. If the defendant requests a copy of redacted discovery, the early plea negotiator will discontinue negotiations and will have the case assigned to a trial deputy. We are unable to provide redacted discovery with our limited early plea staff.

Questions: The KCPAO is committed to the continued success of our early plea process. We encourage defense attorneys with comments, questions, concerns or suggestions about any aspect of our early plea practice to contact the unit chair or the Assistant Chiefs of the Criminal Division.


Criminal Division Assistant Chiefs:

Seattle: Christina Miyamasu at 206-477-6186 or Christina.Miyamasu@kingcounty.gov
MRJC: Wyman Yip at 206-477-2676 or Wyman.Yip@kingcounty.gov

Seattle Trial Supervisors

Unit/Case Type? DPA Email
Felony Traffic Amy Freedheim Amy.Freedheim@kingcounty.gov
DV Patrick Lavin Patrick.Lavin@kingcounty.gov
SAU Emily Petersen Emily.Petersen@kingcounty.gov
FTU/GCU Robin Olson Robin.Olson@kingcounty.gov
HVCU Jeffrey Dernbach Jeffrey.Dernbach@kingcounty.gov
ECU Patrick Hinds Patrick.Hinds@kingcounty.gov

MRJC Trial Supervisors

Unit/Case Type? DPA Email
Felony Traffic Amy Freedheim Amy.Freedheim@kingcounty.gov
DV Angie Kaake Angela.Kaake@kingcounty.gov
SAU Celia Lee Celia.Lee@kingcounty.gov
VECU Dan Soukup Dan.Soukup@kingcounty.gov

Seattle Early Plea Negotiation Process and Hours

Negotiator: Stephanie Brennan (206-477-1827) or stephanie.brennan@kingcounty.gov

Hours:

By appointment or by email.

Other Information:

  • Will negotiate by email.

  • Negotiations will continue throughout the pendency of a case. However, if the defense requests discovery beyond what is normally expected during the early plea negotiation period (such as victim/witness interviews, redacted discovery, records that are not in the possession of the State, lab testing, etc.), then the case must be assigned to a trial deputy and any outstanding early plea offer is withdrawn.

Forgery, ID Theft, Theft 1 and 2, PSP 1 and 2, Trafficking 1 and 3, UIBC, FTR/Theft of Rental Prop., Promoting Prostitution 2, Money Laundering, Gambling, Insurance Fraud, Mortgage Fraud, Voter Fraud, Cheating, Complex Financial Crimes

Property Offenses

Negotiators:

A-F Gracie Zavidow (206-477-9926) or email: gzavidow@kingcounty.gov
G-M Xandy Evans (206-263-0385) or email: aevans@kingcounty.gov
N-Z Kelsey Jost (206-263-5627) or email: kjost@kingcounty.gov

Hours:

Email preferred. Otherwise by appointment.

Other Information:

  • Will negotiate by email.

  • Negotiations will continue throughout the pendency of the case, but the defense should expect that the State’s best offer will be made at the early plea stage. If the defense requests discovery beyond what is normally expected during the early plea negotiation period (such as request to arrange victim/witness interviews or motion for such interviews, redacted discovery, records that are not in the possession of the State, lab testing, etc.), then the case must be assigned to a trial deputy and any outstanding early plea offer is withdrawn.

  • Early plea offers will not be kept open for an extended period of time. Further, the State reserves the right to revoke an early plea offer in other circumstances, such as new information or evidence, the defendant’s commission of new crimes, a failure to appear, violations of conditions of release, any evidence of inappropriate communication/contact with victims or witnesses, etc. The State will strive to provide predictability and notice to the defense of any revocation.

  • Many cases in ECU are pre-assigned to DPAs. Early plea negotiations for such cases should be conducted with the assigned trial DPA.

Negotiators:

Kathy Van Olst (206-477-1892) or Kathy.VanOlst@kingcounty.gov
Page Ulrey (206-263-3318) or pulrey@kingcounty.gov

Hours: By appointment

Other Information:

  • Deadline for offer will be specified when offer is extended. Offer will be withdrawn when case is set for trial or victim interview is conducted unless otherwise specified.

  • The State reserves the right to revoke an early plea offer in other circumstances (such as a new crime is committed, new charge are filed, additional criminal history is discovered, the defendant fails to appear for court etc.), although it strives to provide predictability and notice to the defense of any revocation.

(Veh. Hom., Veh. Assault, Felony Hit and Run with a death, Felony DUI):

Negotiator: Amy Freedheim (206-477-1921) or Amy.Freedheim@kingcounty.gov

Hours: By appointment only; in Seattle on Mondays and Wednesdays

Other Information:

  • Will negotiate by e-mail. In person negotiations encouraged for initial discussions of any case. Plea forms must be turned in prior to the plea hearing.

  • See general Violent Crimes Unit early plea negotiation practices noted above.

Animal Cruelty, Assault 3, Attempt to Elude, Bail Jumping, Burglary 2, Custodial Assault, Escape, Felony Harassment, Intimidating or Tampering with a Witness or Public Servant, Introducing Contraband, Malicious Mischief, PSV, Residential Burglary, Stalking, Theft 1 (taking from person), Theft MV, TMVWOP2, Theft or Possession of a Stolen Firearm, Threats to Bomb, Unlawful Imprisonment, UPFA, VP2, and VUCSA

Negotiators:

A-F Gracie Zavidow (206-477-9926) or email: gzavidow@kingcounty.gov
G-M Xandy Evans (206-263-0385) or email: aevans@kingcounty.gov
N-Z Kelsey Jost (206-263-5627) or email: kjost@kingcounty.gov

Hours:

  • All negotiations by email
  • Phone appointments only when scheduled in advance

Other Information:

  • Will negotiate by email.

  • Negotiations will continue throughout the pendency of the case, but the defense should expect that the State’s best offer will be made at the early plea stage. If the defense requests discovery beyond what is normally expected during the early plea negotiation period (such as request to arrange victim/witness interviews or motion for such interviews, redacted discovery, records that are not in the possession of the State, lab testing, etc.), then the case must be assigned to a trial deputy and any outstanding early plea offer is withdrawn.

  • Early plea offers will not be kept open for an extended period of time. Further, the State reserves the right to revoke an early plea offer in other circumstances, such as new information or evidence, the defendant’s commission of new crimes, a failure to appear, violations of conditions of release, any evidence of inappropriate communication/contact with victims or witnesses, etc. The State will strive to provide predictability and notice to the defense of any revocation.

Formed in 2017, the High Priority Repeat Offenders Unit (HIPRO) is a unit dedicated to reducing crime rates by focusing on the most prolific burglars and car thieves in our community. The HIPRO unit is the combination of the former Car Theft and Repeat Burglar Initiatives and uses many of the same approaches to reducing crime rates, including “stacking” cases and working to ensure that offenders stay in custody pending trial. The HIPRO unit also works to build relationships with police agencies to encourage thorough burglary and car theft investigations and more prompt filing of cases, and raises community awareness of burglary and car theft prevention.

Hours:

Monday 9:00a.m.-11:00 a.m. unless in trial, or via email.

Negotiators:

Evan Boeshans (206) 477-4981 or eboeshans@kingcounty.gov
Susan Harrison (206) 477-1966 or Susan.Harrison@kingcounty.gov

Assault 1 and 2, Robbery, Kidnapping, Unlawful Imprisonment, Burglary 1, Arson/Reckless Burning, Felony Traffic (including Vehicular Homicide, Vehicular Assault, Hit and Run, Felony DUI)

General cases (excluding homicides and felony traffic):

Negotiators:
A-G Sarah Erickson-Mills (206-477-5397) or email sarah.erickson-mills@kingcounty.gov
H-P Ian Michels-Sletvet (206-263-3504) or email imichelsslettvet@kingcounty.gov
Q-Z (all 3rd strike & AA Cases) Brynn Jacobson (206-477-1912) or email Brynn.Jacobson@kingcounty.gov

In the event neither negotiator is available, defense may contact Bridgette Maryman at (206-477-1193) or Bridgette.Maryman@kingcounty.gov.

Hours:

EPU negotiations occur over email or via phone, with email negotiations preferred.  Afternoons are preferred for telephonic negotiations.

Other Information:

  • Prefers to negotiate by email.

  • Negotiations will continue throughout the pendency of the case, but the defense should expect that the State’s best offer will be made at the early plea stage. If the defense requests discovery beyond what is normally expected during the early plea negotiation period (such as victim/witness interviews, redacted discovery, records that are not in the possession of the State, lab testing, etc.), then the case must be assigned to a trial deputy and any outstanding early plea offer is withdrawn.

  • Early plea offers will not be kept open for an extended period of time. Further, the State reserves the right to revoke an early plea offer in other circumstances, such as new information or evidence, the defendant’s commission of new crimes, a failure to appear, violations of conditions of release, any evidence of inappropriate communication/contact with victims or witnesses, etc.

Negotiator: Contact the assigned trial deputy.

Negotiator: Margo Martin (206-263-1377) or Margo.Martin@kingcounty.gov

Hours: Email preferred. Otherwise by appointment.

Other information:

  • Email negotiations are permitted, but in person negotiations are preferred and more effective. For the MRJC, email negotiations are preferred, as negotiator is only at the MRJC on Wednesdays.

  • Deadline for offer will be specified when offer is made. Offers always expire if defendant sets the matter for trial.

  • The State reserves the right to revoke an early plea offer in other circumstances (such as a new crime is committed, new charge are filed, additional criminal history is discovered, the defendant fails to appear for court etc.), although it strives to provide predictability and notice to the defense of any revocation.

Insurance Fraud:

Negotiator: Kyle Houston (206-477-0024) or Kyle.Houston@kingcounty.gov

Organized Retail Theft:

Negotiator: Nichole Lawson (206-263-3435) or email nlawson@kingcounty.gov

Hours: Email preferred. Otherwise by appointment.

Other Information:

  • Deadline for offer will be specified when offer is made. Offers always expire if defendant sets the matter for trial.

  • The State reserves the right to revoke an early plea offer in other circumstances (such as a new crime is committed, new charge are filed, additional criminal history is discovered, the defendant fails to appear for court etc.), although it strives to provide predictability and notice to the defense of any revocation.

Negotiator:

Hugo Torres (206-477-1894) or Hugo.Torres@kingcounty.gov

Hours: Email preferred. Otherwise by appointment.

Other Information:

  • Negotiations are to take place only upon defense fully reviewing discovery. The assigned prosecutor will be available to identify the critical documents and witness statements. Deadline for offer will be specified when offer is made. Plea offers made early in process will always expire if the defendant sets matter for trial.

  • The State reserves the right to revoke an early plea offer in other circumstances (such as a new crime is committed, new charge are filed, additional criminal history is discovered, the defendant fails to appear for court etc.), although it strives to provide predictability and notice to the defense of any revocation.

Negotiators:

For 2020 cause numbers and older cases:

A-Z Celia Lee (206) 477-2452 or Celia.Lee@kingcounty.gov

For 2021 cause numbers:

A-I Celia Lee (206) 477-2452 or Celia.Lee@kingcounty.gov
J-Z Chuck Sergis (206) 477-1199 or Charles.Sergis@kingcounty.gov

Hours:

Please email negotiator for appointment times.

Other Information:

  • Will negotiate by email.

  • Negotiations will continue throughout the pendency of a case. However, if defense requests discovery above what is expected during the early plea negotiation period (e.g. victim/witness interviews, CPS/counseling records that are not in our possession, lab testing that we would not do unless case goes to trial, etc.), the case will be assigned to a trial deputy, and any outstanding early plea offer is withdrawn.

MRJC Early Plea Negotiation Process and Hours

Negotiator:
Chris Bell
(206) 477-1856 or Christopher.Bell@kingcounty.gov

Hours:
Mondays: 9:00 am to 11:00 am
Thursdays: 9:00 am to 11:00 am

Other Information:

  • Will negotiate via email.

  • Negotiations will continue throughout the pendency of a case. However, the case will be transferred to a trial DPA if significant additional investigation is necessary, redacted discovery is requested, or witness interviews are requested. Any Early Plea Unit offer expires when the case is transferred to a trial DPA.

(Veh. Hom., Veh. Assault, Felony Hit and Run with a death, Felony DUI):

Negotiator: Amy Freedheim (206-477-1921) or Amy.Freedheim@kingcounty.gov

Hours: By appointment only; at the MRJC on Tuesdays and Thursdays

Other Information:

  • Will negotiate by e-mail. In person negotiations encouraged for initial discussions of any case. Plea forms must be turned in prior to the plea hearing.

  • See general Violent Crimes Unit early plea negotiation practices noted above.

Formed in 2017, the High Priority Repeat Offenders Unit (HIPRO) is a unit dedicated to reducing crime rates by focusing on the most prolific burglars and car thieves in our community. The HIPRO unit is the combination of the former Car Theft and Repeat Burglar Initiatives and uses many of the same approaches to reducing crime rates, including “stacking” cases and working to ensure that offenders stay in custody pending trial. The HIPRO unit also works to build relationships with police agencies to encourage thorough burglary and car theft investigations and more prompt filing of cases, and raises community awareness of burglary and car theft prevention.

Hours:

Negotiate by phone and email.

Negotiators:

Bryce McPhee (206) 263-3510 or bmcphee@kingcounty.gov
Roxanne Reese (206) 477-9180 or roreese@kingcounty.gov

Negotiators:
Task Force Cases: Margo Martin (206-263-1377) or Margo.Martin@kingcounty.gov
Others: Tod Bergstrom (206-477-1081) or Tod.Bergstrom@kingcounty.gov

Hours: Email Preferred. Otherwise by appointment.

Other information:

  • Deadline for offer will be specified when offer is made. Offers always expire if defendant sets the matter for trial.

  • The State reserves the right to revoke an early plea offer in other circumstances (such as a new crime is committed, new charge are filed, additional criminal history is discovered, the defendant fails to appear for court etc.), although it strives to provide predictability and notice to the defense of any revocation.

Insurance Fraud:

Negotiator: Kyle Houston (206-477-0024) or Kyle.Houston@kingcounty.gov

Organized Retail Theft:

Negotiator: Nicole Lawson (206-263-3435) or email: nlawson@kingcounty.gov

Hours: Email preferred. Otherwise by appointment.

Other Information:

  • Deadline for offer will be specified when offer is made. Offers always expire if defendant sets the matter for trial.

  • The State reserves the right to revoke an early plea offer in other circumstances (such as a new crime is committed, new charge are filed, additional criminal history is discovered, the defendant fails to appear for court etc.), although it strives to provide predictability and notice to the defense of any revocation.

Negotiators:

For 2020 cause numbers and older cases:

A-Z Celia Lee (206) 477-2452 or Celia.Lee@kingcounty.gov

For 2021 cause numbers:

A-I Celia Lee (206) 477-2452 or Celia.Lee@kingcounty.gov
J-Z Chuck Sergis (206) 477-1199 or Charles.Sergis@kingcounty.gov

Hours:

Please email negotiator for appointment times.

Other Information:

  • Will negotiate by email.
  • Negotiations will continue throughout the pendency of a case. However, if defense requests discovery above what is expected during the early plea negotiations period (e.g. victim/witness interviews, CPS/counseling records that are not in our possession, lab testing that we would not do unless case goes to trial, etc) then the case will be assigned to a trial deputy, and any outstanding early plea offer is withdrawn.

Mainstream Non-Violent Crimes Negotiators:

A-H: Luke Parker – lparker@kingcounty.gov or 206-263-0659
I-R: Tuyen Lam – Tuyen.Lam@kingcounty.gov or 206-477-3151
S-Z (and all Marijuana Grow cases): Alice Degen – Alice.Degen@kingcounty.gov or 206-477-6521


Mainstream Violent Crimes Negotiators:

Jennifer Phillips – Jennifer.Phillips@kingcounty.gov or 206-477-1934
Stephen Herschkowitz – Stephen.Herschkowitz@kingcounty.gov or 206-477-1182


Hours:

By email, by phone, and by appointment.


Other Information:

  • Case transfers to a trial deputy upon request for interviews, OR, upon request for redacted discovery OR after case is set for trial.

  • Generally, investigation by the defense, including witness interviews, does not revoke an early plea offer, with the exception of the following: witness is a confidential informant, or a sensitive victim/witness is involved. The State reserves the right to revoke an early plea offer in other circumstances (such as a new crime is committed, additional criminal history is discovered, failures to appear, or violations of CCAP, etc.), although it strives to provide predictability and notice to the defense of any revocation.

King County Prosecutor
Dan Satterberg
Read Dan's Biography

Phone:
206-477-1200
Email:
Prosecuting.Attorney@kingcounty.gov

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