Family Treatment Court Program
Family Treatment Court is an alternative to regular Dependency Court for parents who need access to drug and alcohol treatment, judicial monitoring of their sobriety, and individualized services to support the family. It is a "drug court" for families involved in the child welfare system.
Currently FTC Hearings are being held both remotely via Zoom and in person in both Kent and Seattle courthouse locations.
Court ordered sober support attendance remain in place along with drug testing requirements. If parents have concerns about drug testing, please contact their FTC Social Worker immediately to problem solve those circumstances.
Family Recovery Support Specialists are hosting sober support meetings for FTC parents four days a week both in person and remote options available. Please contact either Family Recovery Support Specialist to get information about the groups.
The Family Treatment Court (FTC) started in August 2004 with Judge Clark presiding. Family Treatment Court is an alternative to regular dependency court and is designed to improve the safety and well being of children in the dependency system by providing parents access to drug and alcohol treatment, judicial monitoring of their sobriety and individualized services to support the entire family.
Parents voluntarily enter the program and agree to increased court participation, chemical dependency treatment and intense case management in order to reunite with their children. Case review hearings initially occur every other week and then become less frequent as parents progress through the program. Incentives are awarded to recognize parents' achievements, and graduated responses are used when parents violate program rules. It is expected that parents will remain in the FTC between 12 months and two years. If a parent is unable to engage in services or maintain sobriety, the process has prepared the court for quickly finding the best solution for the children.
Through a collaborative, non-adversarial approach, the Family Treatment Court integrates substance abuse treatment and increased accountability into the process. The court's first preference is always to help make families whole or to find children a stable environment with their own relatives. Each family has an FTC team that reviews parents' participation and recommends services. The team includes: parents' attorneys, assistant attorney general, DSHS social worker, substance abuse counselor, CASA and/or child's attorney, FTC treatment specialist, FTC program manager, and the judge. This interdisciplinary team is cross-trained and works collaboratively to resolve issues.
To be considered for the program, parents must:
- Be willing to admit to the court that his/her child is dependent; or have an existing dependency finding on his/her children;
- Have a severe or moderate substance use disorder and willing to go to treatment;
- Be 18 years of age or older;
- Be a resident of King County;
- Be willing to sign a Consent to Release Confidential Information Form so that the team may share information with other team members and outside community providers;
- Have the ability both mentally and physically to fully participate in the program;
- Not be a perpetrator of sexual abuse or felony child abuse; and
- Applications/referrals to FTC must be received no later than six months from the date on which the dependency petition was filed.
Parent's applications are reviewed in a 3-step process. In the first step, the parents meet with FTC staff to verify eligibility. If they are found eligible, they are referred immediately for a drug and alcohol evaluation (if they do not already have one).
Step two includes the completion of the drug and alcohol evaluation and the clinical assessment of eligibility. The treatment provider submits written verification that the parent or parents have a substance use disorder that is moderate or severe and suitable for participation.
In the final step, the team meets to discuss overall eligibility and takes into consideration the dependency petition, substance use assessment and all other available information. Based on the available information and from the team's input, the Family Treatment Court Judge makes the final decision about whether or not the parent or parents are eligible for the program.
If accepted, the parent will begin treatment and start coming to court every week. The parent's file will be also be transferred to an FTC social worker.
To promote the health, safety and welfare of children in the dependency system by actively intervening to address the drug, alcohol and other service needs of families through integrated, culturally competent and judicially managed collaboration that facilitates timely reunification or an alternative permanency plan.
Goals of the Program
King County Family Treatment Court has four primary goals:
- To ensure that children have safe and permanent homes within permanency planning guidelines or sooner;
- To ensure that families of color have outcomes from dependency cases similar to families not of color;
- To ensure that parents are better able to care for themselves and their children and seek resources to do so; and
- To ensure that the cost to society of dependency cases involving substances is reduced.
- Participation in the Family Treatment Court (FTC) is completely voluntary.
- FTC is an intensive program and requires great commitment. Parents will be required to go to treatment and attend court regularly.
- The FTC team includes: the parent's attorney, Assistant Attorney General (AAG), DSHS social worker, substance abuse counselor, CASA and/or child's attorney, FTC treatment specialist, family recovery support specialist peer, and the judge. Note: Even as a member of the Family Treatment Court team, the attorney still represents the parent and makes sure his/her legal rights are protected.
- Many services are available and include substance abuse treatment, counseling, assistance with parenting, childcare issues, and Wrap-Around coordination.
As a Family Treatment Court participant, you are required to abide by the following rules:
- Do not use or possess any drugs or alcohol. Sobriety is the primary focus of this program. Maintaining a drug free lifestyle is very important in your recovery process. Carefully choose the people with whom you associate.
- Take prescription medications as prescribed by your doctor. If any medications show up as a positive drug test and you have not complied with the following conditions, you will be sanctioned.
- If a physician prescribes medication for you:
- You must first tell your treating doctor that you are participating in treatment and that you are required to abstain from mood-altering medications so that the doctor can make decisions with full knowledge of your situation.
- You must contact your treatment provider and social worker immediately to let them know exactly what medications your treating doctor has prescribed.
- You must not take more medication than your doctor ordered or get multiple prescriptions from different doctors.
- Attend all ordered treatment. You may be ordered to do both inpatient and outpatient treatment. You must complete treatment as directed by the treatment center and the court. This includes individual and group counseling, educational sessions and sober-support meetings. If you leave treatment against the advice of the treatment center, additional treatment and/or sanctions may be imposed.
- If you are unable to attend a scheduled session, you MUST contact your treatment counselor BEFORE a session is missed.
- Report to your DCYF Social Worker as directed. If you have any problems making an appointment, contact your DCYF Social Worker immediately. This is especially important for requested drug testing.
- Be on time for visits and all treatment activities. Being late has consequences. Visitation providers will leave and not allow you to visit if you are more than 15 minutes late. On the 3rd late visit, the visitation provider will no longer provide visits and a new provider will need to be found. This could mean that you may miss the next few visits. If you are late for treatment, you may not be allowed to attend your counseling session and will be considered non-compliant. Contact your treatment counselor if there is a possibility you may be late.
- Maintain appropriate behavior. Violent or inappropriate behavior will not be tolerated and will be reported to Court. This may result in termination from the Family Treatment Court Program.
- Attend all court hearings and plan to stay until the end. If you must leave early, contact the Family Treatment Court Program Manager a day prior to court to allow enough time for the team to be notified.
- Dress appropriately for Court and treatment sessions. Dress to make a positive impression. Clothing bearing drug or alcohol related themes or promoting or advertising alcohol or drug use or violence is considered inappropriate. Speak with your DCYF Social Worker if you need assistance with clothing.
- Participate in Dependency Court Services.
- Attend all visitations.
- Be Honest. Honesty is essential to your recovery and to your success in the Family Treatment Court. This rule is intended to encourage and reward upfront honesty that supports sobriety and will be applied accordingly.
Remember, for most parents, successful completion of the Family Treatment Court program will take a minimum of one year. Most parents are expected to complete the program in 18 months.
In order to complete the program and graduate, you must have:
- 6 months consecutive sober time.
- Children returned and living at home for six months or in permanent placements.
- Successful discharge from a substance abuse treatment program.
- Consistent attendance at a sober support program or community based support program documented.
- Housing arranged: Transitional living and/or drug free home.
- Outstanding warrants resolved.
- Support system established.
- Relapse prevention program established.
- Life plan initiated (e.g., employment, education, vocational training).
- Dependency court services completed (ISSP plan completed).
A process evaluation and an outcomes evaluation of the Family Treatment Court were completed by the University of Washington's Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Public Behavioral Health Sciences and Justice Policy Division. The University of Washington also compiled information regarding the cost-effectiveness of family drug courts.
If you know a parent who is involved in the Child Dependency System and whose drug or alcohol problem is the primary factor affecting their ability to protect the health, safety and welfare of their children, Family Treatment Court may be an option.
For more information on Family Treatment Court, please contact the Program Office at 206-477-2311.
- Policy & Procedures
- UW Process Evaluation
- UW Outcome Evaluation
- UW Cost-Benefit Summary
- Comprehensive MOU for FTC
- Expansion and Enhancement Assessment
Orientation & Training
- New Team Member Orientation Checklist
- Team Members and Roles
- Type of Meeting Chart
- Federal Confidentiality Laws and How they Affect Drug Court Practitioners
- Understanding Child Welfare and the Dependency Court: A Guide for Substance Abuse Treatment Professionals
- Understanding Substance Use Disorders, Treatment and Family Recovery: A Guide for Child Welfare Professionals
- Professional Enabling Checklist
- Comprehensive Family Assessment Guidelines for Child Welfare
- NCSACW Tutorial #2: Understanding Substance Use Disorders, Treatment, and Family Recovery: A Guide for Child Welfare Professionals
- NCSACW Tutorial #3: Understanding Substance Use Disorders, Treatment, and Family Recovery: A Guide for Legal Professionals
Participant Documents and Referral Lists
- Program Referral Sheet
- 2023 Handbook Coming Soon (Need to add)
- FTC Brochure
- Participation Requirements
- Initial Screening Form
- Consent to Release Confidential Information
- FTC Prescription Med Form
- FTC Stimulant Prescription Form
- Sober Support Log Sheet - Seattle and Kent
- Progress Report to Court from DCYF Social Worker (Update)
- Family Treatment Court Acceptance Hearing Order
- Sponsor Verification Form
- Expedited FTC Referral Sheet
Case Planning Documents
- Strengths and Culture Discovery
- Family Care Plan
- How do I move to Phase 3 in FTC
- How do I move to Phase 4 in FTC
- Request for Phase 2 Form
- Request for Phase 3 Form
- MH Counseling Options
- Relapse Prevention Plan
- First Team Meeting Agenda
- Recovery Meeting Agenda
- Parenting and Engagement Team Meeting Agenda
- Transitional Team Meeting Agenda
- Discharge from Treatment Meeting Agenda
- Parenting in Recovery Team Meeting Agenda
- Family Return Home Plan Part 1
- Family Return Home Plan Part 2
- Family Return Home Plan Part 2a
- Family Return Home Plan Part 3
- Washington Administrative Code (WAC 388-805) for Chemical Dependency Service Providers
- Confidentiality and Drug & Alcohol Records - 42 CFR, Part 2.
- Understanding Substance Abuse & Facilitating Recovery
- National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (Best practices and model courts)
- Navigating the Pathways: Lessons & Promising Practices in Linking Alcohol & Drug Services with Child Welfare
- Matrix of Progress in Linkages among Alcohol and Drug and Child Welfare Services and the Dependency Court System