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COVID-19 Response and Recovery Funding

COVID-19 Response and Recovery Funding


With health and safety as our top priorities, King County continues to invest in our response to the COVID-19 pandemic and equitable recovery for everyone in our community. Check out our latest report to learn how funds are being used.


2023 Annual Report

Check out the latest King County Recovery Plan Annual Report to learn more about how King County is investing its Coronavirus Local Fiscal Recovery (CLFR) funds to ensure an equitable recovery for everyone in our community. 
Learn more.


 2023 Recovery Plan Report




Spending Categories

King County received more than $2 billion in federal funding in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including $437 million in Coronavirus Local Fiscal Recovery (CLFR) funds through the American Rescue Plan Act. The figure below shows the breakdown of King County’s CLFR spending by priority area. Learn more.


Highlights by Spending Categories

Homelessness Response - $97 million

To date, $97 million in CLFR funding has been allocated toward homelessness interventions through programs including hotel/motel leases, COVID-19 shelter de-intensification, permanent supportive housing, behavioral health services, homeless outreach and shelter procurement, enhanced shelter, and sanitation. Learn more.

Public Health Response - $68 million

King County’s COVID-19 response continues to be robust and equitable, providing a local distinction as the “most vaccinated county” in Washington. In fact, King County has among the lowest rate of any county for case counts and deaths from COVID-19. Learn more.

Equitable Economic Recovery - $60 million

King County structured its economic recovery funding to provide support to businesses, the creative economy, and the tourism sector, as well as workforce development programs. Learn more.

Community Resiliency - $56 million

The COVID-19 pandemic impacted every community in King County. While the full measure of the pandemic’s consequences on our communities is still emerging, there are clear deficits in community resources that need to be addressed, especially for communities of color, LGBTQ+ communities, people experiencing homelessness, and refugee/immigrant communities. The programs in the Community Resiliency portfolio are designed to address a range of impacts and provide additional funding for needed interventions in the community. Learn more.

Jobs & Housing - $33 million

The Jobs and Housing program is designed to stabilize people’s lives by providing a steady place to live, an interim job, and access to support services and career navigation for up to one year, with the ultimate goal of transitioning each person to permanent housing and a permanent job. The aim of the program is to help people exit the homelessness system, particularly those communities who have been disproportionately impacted by homelessness. Learn more.

County Operations - $154 million

King County has utilized CLFR funding to make substantial modifications to operations to maintain services to the best extent possible. Addressing the legal system case backlog, refining hybrid work technology, and improving access to health and public information through language and disability access are focuses for pandemic recovery to improve service delivery for King County residents. Learn more.

Federal Funding Spending Timeline

Emergency federal funding arrived March 2020 through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Coronavirus Relief Funding (CFR) established by the CARES Act to mitigate the immediate impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak. In March 2021, the American Rescue Plan Act authorized the Coronavirus Local Fiscal Recovery (CLFR) funds to support localized response to and recovery from the COVID-19 public health emergency. King County anticipates spending the majority of CLFR funding by December 31, 2024. Learn more.


Notable Projects

The Results for America American Rescue Plan (ARP) Data and Evidence Dashboard identifies 110 notable projects that demonstrate how state and local leaders are using federal funds to deliver better results for residents. King County is excited to be featured as having notable projects. 

Take a look at all of the model ARP projects included in the dashboard:

  • 44 examples of state and local governments using ARP funds to develop their in-house data and evidence capacity
  • 24 investments in evidence-based solutions that can serve as models for scaling what works
  • 44 projects that will be evaluated by state and local governments to better understand their impact.

Learn more about the dashboard and model ARP projects.