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Biological Control

Biological Control

Biological control is a term used when living organisms are used to control weeds. Beetles or weevils are used as biocontrols, but so are moth larvae, goats and even fungi or rusts. Biological controls can control the target weed directly or indirectly, but they will not usually eradicate the plant population from a site. Weeds are directly impacted when the biocontrols destroy plant parts that prevent growth, or prevent seed production. Biocontrols also impact a weed indirectly when the stressed plants are no longer able to out compete native or beneficial plants on a site.

Biocontrol: Bruchidius villosus on Scotch broom

It can take 4 to 5 years for any visible signs of weed control, making this more effective as part of a long-term control plan. Releasing biological control agents might be a good option on sites with large stands of weeds, when immediate control is not possible.

Learn more about biological control by viewing WSU Extension's free online module. The module is split into two parts. Part One covers the basic underlying principles of biocontrol, and how to effectively use biocontrol as part of an integrated weed management strategy (24 minutes). Part Two covers information on specific noxious weeds and their associated biocontrol agents (46 minutes).

The King County Noxious Weed Control Program is part of a statewide network using biological control agents. We work closely with federal, state and county agencies. WSU Extension's Integrated Weed Control Project coordinates the biological control activities of noxious weed programs throughout Washington. See below for contact information and to request more information about the use of biological control methods for noxious weeds in Washington.

Biological control photos

Biocontrol: Cyphocleonus achates closeup on knapweed
Biocontrol: Galerucella beetles on purple loosestrife
Biocontrol: releasing galerucella on loosestrife
Biocontrol: chrysolina beetles on St. Johnswort
caterpillar larvae
Olivia the goat
cinnabar moth on leaf
Galerucella beetle
St. Johnswort beetles

For more information, contact:

Jennifer Andreas
Integrated Weed Control Project
Washington State University Extension
WSU Puyallup Research and Extension Center
2606 W Pioneer
Puyallup WA 98371-4900

253.445.4657 office
253.651.2197 cell

Jennifer Andreas, WSU Extension

Related Information


Program offices are located at 201 S. Jackson St., Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98104. To contact staff, see the Noxious Weed Control Program Directory, send an email, or call 206-477-WEED (206-477-9333).