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Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) facts

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) facts

PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease) is an infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes and other reproductive organs.

Signs and symptoms

  • Symptoms can range from one to severe.
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Abnormal discharge from vagina
  • Burning or pain while peeing
  • Fever
  • Painful vaginal intercourse
  • Irregular menstruation


  • PID occurs when bacteria move up from a woman's vagina or cervix into the uterus and/or fallopian tubes.
  • Gonorrhea and Chlamydia are the most common bacteria that cause PID.


  • Abstain from oral, anal and vaginal sex.
  • Use condoms/barriers consistently and correctly during oral, anal or vaginal sex.
  • Maintain a mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested for STDs and is not infected.
  • If you have an STD, get treated.
  • If you have an STD, make sure your partners are treated.


  • See a health care provider for exam and tests to figure out the best treatment.
  • Treatment is medicines (antibiotics) prescribed by a health care provider.
  • Get a follow-up exam to make sure the treatment worked.
  • Severe cases may require hospitalization.

If not treated...

  • Permanent damage to reproductive organs
  • Infertility
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy
  • Chronic pelvic pain

If you have PID...

  • Refrain from sex (oral, anal or vaginal sex) if you have symptoms.
  • Seek medical care, including STD tests.
  • Refrain from having sex until you have completed treatment.
  • Take all medicines prescribed, even if your symptoms are gone.
  • Re-test in 3 months.
  • Make sure sex partners get treated.
  • Get yearly STD screens if sexually active.
  • If pregnant, get tested for STDs and HIV.