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King County’s Industrial Waste Program is funded by fees paid by businesses. Each year, KCIW reviews and sets fees to recover the cost of operating the program.

Note: King County Industrial Waste program’s fee period is moving to January 1 through December 31. Previously it ran from July 1 through June 30. New fees go into effect January 1, 2018.

January, 2018 will begin the second year of a 4-year update to the way surcharge fees are calculated. This may affect customers who pay a surcharge fee. See more information under Help.

Biological oxygen demand $0.3287/pound
Total suspended solids $0.4390/pound
Heavy metals $0.003579/gal.
FOG (Fats, oils and grease) $0.000382/gal.
Special monitoring fees Variable
Waste discharge permit $6,000
Major discharge authorization $3,000
Minor discharge authorization $1,750
Letter of authorization $1,000
Construction dewatering letter of authorization $800
Full enforcement action $5,000
Enforcement - no further action $2,500
Inspection $535
BNA (semi-volatile organics) $1,605
Cyanide $755
Cyanide (amenable to chlorination) $1,005
FOG (nonpolar) set of 3 samples $645
FOG (free-floating) grab $505
Heavy metals $695
pH (grab) $505
pH (continuous) $1,010
SETV (settleable solids) $555
VOA (volatile organics) $1,305

Up to $10,000 per violation per day

  • Permit and authorization issuance fees

King County issues different types of approvals for facilities to send industrial wastewater into the sewer. The type of approval needed depends on the industrial process, the volume of wastewater, and whether it is short or long-term. Permit and authorization fees cover up to a 5-year period. Issuance fees are set to recover the cost of issuing the documents only.

  • Compliance monitoring fees

Additional fees are required to monitor facilities to make sure they stay within the limits set for heavy metals and fats, oils, and grease (FOG). These fees pay for the cost of required inspections, sampling and analysis, and overall management of the permit.

  • High-strength surcharge fees

Businesses that send “high-strength” or more concentrated waste to the sewer pay an extra surcharge based on how much material is in their wastewater. High-strength waste contains a higher concentration of “total suspended solids” (TSS) and “biochemical oxygen demand” (BOD) than typical wastewater. BOD is a measure of organic material that uses up oxygen in the water. The surcharge fee covers the cost of treating this high-strength waste and administration of the surcharge program. Administration costs represent approximately 10 percent of the overall cost of the surcharge program.

  • Post-violation administrative and sampling and analysis fees

Facilities that violate the regulations are required to reimburse King County for the costs associated with the violation. Post-violation fees include the cost of preparing enforcement documents and additional inspections (administrative fees) and the cost of additional sampling and analysis. Based on King County Code, the Wastewater Treatment Division seeks to recover the full cost associated with violations from those that violate the rules.

King County Code specifies an appeal procedure for permits, authorizations, violations, and penalties.

To appeal the high strength surcharge, facilities must establish that the assigned concentration of the wastewater is incorrect. Consult with the assigned KCIW compliance investigator to learn more about this process.

KCIW provides appeal procedures to those being fined when it provides the Notice of Violation or Enforcement Action document.

No, issuance fees are designed to recover the cost of reviewing the application and issuing the approval. The fee is billed when the facility receives the permit or authorization. It is not refundable because it is charging for work that was performed.

As a facility, you pay both industrial waste fees and sewer rates. King County treats the sewage from 34 local sewage agencies at five treatment plants. The local agencies bill residents and businesses for sewer rates and on-going industrial waste fees.

King County directly charges a capacity charge for new connections to the system. The capacity charge helps King County cover the cost of sewer improvements and expansion projects needed to serve growth in the region. You can find more information about King County sewer charges by reading the Rate Payer Report.

Fee/Charge Bill paid to
Permit/authorization issuance fees King County
Compliance monitoring fees Local sewage agency
High-strength surcharge Local sewage agency
Post-violation sampling, analysis, and administrative fees King County
Fines King County
Sewer rates Local sewage agency
Capacity charge King County

Not at this time.

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